How deep is the deepest part of the ocean? Does anything live down there?
My first stop was ScienceNet, a British web site that purports to be a one-stop science site. We couldn't dispute that claim after they provided us with the facts of the matter: The Marianas Trench in the Pacific Ocean is 11,033 meters (36,201 feet) below sea level. If Mount Everest were placed inside of this trench, it would disappear.
At Oceanclopedia, we learned that the deepest part of the trench is named Vitjazdepth. The trench was formed when the Pacific plate collided with the Philippine plate, which also resulted in the formation of the nearby island Guam.
To find out if anything actually lives down there, we swam over to Earth & Sky, a companion site to the popular science radio series. We discovered that plants can't live at such depths because they need sunlight for photosynthesis -- light doesn't penetrate such depths.
However, recent photographs from unmanned craft show shrimp-like crustaceans, sea cucumbers, and marine worms. In addition, bacteria flourish on the muddy floors of the trenches.
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